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Discussion Instructions: At least 200 words by 11:59 p.m. (ET) on Sunday of the

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Discussion Instructions: At least 200 words by 11:59 p.m. (ET) on Sunday of the next Module: Week. Major points should be supported by good examples or thoughtful analysis. Any sources cited must have been published within the last five years and cited in current APA format.
Discussion PostBy looking closely at different frameworks for nonprofit organizations, the voluntary spirit and economic models provide two different approaches to nonprofit work. The economic model is built around the assumption that “all organizations, whether public, private, or nonprofit, are relatively similar, rational systems to which generic management principles can and should apply. It therefore implies that different kinds of organizations can learn from each other” (Brainard & Siplon, 2004, p. 438). Further referencing the economic model, Brainard and Siplon go on to say that “Organizations stressing the economic role typically attempt to emphasize material and purposive benefits rather than solidary benefits” (2004, p. 439).
While the economic model values higher levels of output and efficiency, in contrast, the voluntary spirit model focuses more on the development and good (both tangible and intangible) created in the individual and community in connection to the work of the nonprofit. While the economic model starts with the assumption that all organizations are relatively similar and can be run with generic principles of management (Brainard & Siplon, 2004, p. 438), the voluntary spirit model “highlights the idea that nonprofits are, or ought to be, essentially distinct from other kinds of organizations” (Brainard & Siplon, 2004, p. 440). Using the voluntary spirit model, as summed up by Korten (1990), “nonprofit organizations may function as the forums for the definition, testing, and propagation of ideas and values” (as cited in Brainard & Siplon, 2004, p. 440). While the economic model emphasizes the importance of traditional business qualities such as production, efficiency, and material gain, the voluntary spirit model takes a different approach that places value in, not just material goods, but intangible goods such as personal growth and community/societal development.
Worth describes charity as “giving intended to meet current individual human needs or to alleviate human suffering” (2021, p. 22). He goes on to quote Robert Payton in defining voluntarism as “voluntary action for the public good” (as cited in Worth, 2021, p. 22). Different strategies and tools such as using the internet to engage others in the work of the nonprofit (Brainard & Siplon, 2004) and incentivizing giving through tax-exempt gifts (Worth, 2021, p. 31) promote charitable giving to nonprofit organizations, as well as the involvement of community members and stakeholders.
As followers of Jesus, we understand that, ultimately, charity and volunteerism for the believer flow from the charity and service that has been shown to us in the example of Christ. The greatest act of charity was shown to humanity in Christ’s death on the cross, where the apostle Paul writes that “He became sin who knew no sin that in Him we might become the righteousness of God” (English Standard Version Bible, 2001, 2 Cor. 5:21).

Bible gateway passage: 2 corinthians 5 – english standard version. Bible Gateway. (n.d.). Retrieved August 28, 2022, from
Brainard, L. A., & Siplon, P. D. (2004). Toward nonprofit organization reform in the voluntary spirit: Lessons from the internet. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 33(3), 435–457.
Worth, M. J. (2021). Chapter 2. In Nonprofit management: Principles and practice (6th ed., pp. 22–31). essay, SAGE Publications, Inc.

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