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Discussion Instructions: At least 200 words. Major points should be supported by

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Discussion Instructions: At least 200 words. Major points should be supported by good examples or thoughtful analysis. Any sources cited must have been published within the last five years and cited in current APA format.
Discussion Post:The economic model assumes that all organizations are similar and does not discern between being public, private, or non-profit. In the voluntary spirit model, they recognize that non-profit organizations are not like the public and private organizations (Brainard & Siplon, 2004). The voluntary spirit model often comes from a place of charity and wants the approach to be generous to aid those in need. In the economic model the non-profit is another form of business that needs to respond to market failures, to demand goods and services from the larger society and often targets a specific population. The economic also takes the stance that individuals are independent, and to get support must be provided with a certain incentive to gain their support. In the voluntary spirit model, they view individuals as public spirited, other regarding and not of their own self-interest. The voluntary spirit models stress the importance of sociability, mutual obligation of supporters and members by boasting important forums that have value which stoke debates, which open lines of communication and interaction between staff, supporters, members, and service beneficiaries. In the economic model the organization emphasizes marketing and competition, they hire staff that determine the goals, activities, and push that communication to the members and external constituents. In the voluntary spirit model, anyone can be a leader and opt out of an activity (Brainard & Siplon, 2004). Whereas in the economic model they have paid professional staff that make marketing a priority which interlink two main focuses fundraising and provision of services. The economic model has a much larger future forecast and goals whereas the voluntary spirit model focuses on immediate and midterm goals of the organization (Brainard & Siplon, 2004).
There are four distinct types of non-profit organization when it comes to tax identification these are the Social Welfare Organizations, The Private Foundations, The Public Charites, and the other tax-exempt organizations (Worth, 2021). They are all tax exempt in the grand scheme of things. The category of “other” is not a 5013C like the private and public entities. The social welfare organizations are a 501c4. The distinction between the 5013c is that they are tax exempt entities and, they can receive donations from donors that are also tax exempt. Any other classification of tax-exempt status must pay taxes on their gifts that they receive from donors. The private foundations and the public charities can use public support and reallocate the support back to other public charities. Purely philanthropic are the most non-profit like, currently we are seeing more non-profits opt in for a hybrid model that takes pieces from the philanthropic side and merges them with the commercial side (Worth, 2021). This hybrid model appeals to all motives, has a balance of mission and market, has a social goal, and economic values. The beneficiaries in a hybrid model are a mix of full price payers, subsidized payers and those who receive the service for free. The workforce is also a mix of the two extremes they source volunteers however have lower paid staff. They receive their supplies in a mix too, full priced items, discounted items, and items received as in-kind gifts (Worth, 2021). Those nonprofits who are more based on the commercial aspect see their resources as information hence making their members and volunteers seem like a secondary resource. The economic model utilizes volunteers and its members as a source of making money rather than that of a source of goals and directions (Brainard & Siplon, 2004).
Christian principle in giving is that we as Christians take a generous approach to those who are in need (Brainard & Siplon, 2004). This is illustrated in 1: Peter 4:10 “God has given each of you a gift from his great variety of spiritual gifts. Use them well to serve one another” (New Living Translation, 2007). We are taught as Christians that we have spiritual gifts, and we are supposed to support one another just as Christ supports us.
Worth, M. J. (2021). Nonprofit management: Principles and practice. SAGE Publications, Inc.
Brainard, L. A., & Siplon, P. D. (2004). Toward nonprofit organization reform in the voluntary spirit: Lessons from the internet. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 33(3), 435–457. https://doi.org/10.1177/0899764004266021
Contemporary Comparative Parallel Bible (2007). Zondervan Publishing.

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